Rules of the Mississippi Board of Animal Health

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Ch. 17 - Swine

100

This is a regulation necessary so that Mississippi produced pork products may move freely into Western Europe , Mississippi produced swine may move in interstate commerce and to facilitate the ultimate goal of Brucellosis eradication from Mississippi livestock. All swine where the public is invited, to include video and internet auctions, shall require a permit from the State Veterinarian at least 30 days prior to sale date.

(Adopted January 6, 1982, effective March 1, 1982, amended July 22, 2014)

Source: Miss. Code Ann . §69-15-3.

 

101 Definitions:

1. Reactor – Any swine disclosing a positive Buffered Brucella Antigen (B.B.A.) card test reaction or are found infected by other diagnostic procedures.

2. Identification of Reactor – Reactor swine are to be identified by placing a red serially numbered reactor tag in left ear.

3. Negative – Any swine from a validated herd, or that has no reaction to the B.B.A. card test.

4. Herd Test – The herd test shall include all breeding swine six (6) months of age and older. All swine tested shall be identified with an eartag, tattoo, or other permanent identification. (All swine held for feeding purposes are exempt from herd test provided they are maintained separate and apart from the breeding herd.)

5. Infected Herd – The herd test shall include all breeding swine six (6) months of age and older. All swine tested shall be identified with an eartag, tattoo, or other permanent identification. (All swine held for feeding purposes are exempt from herd test provided they are maintained separate and apart from the breeding herd.)

6. Quarantine – all swine in an infected herd must be confined to the premises until freed of Brucellosis or shipped to slaughter under permit, as provided by the Mississippi Board of Animal Health, or USDA.

7. M.S.T. – Market Swine Test – Blood samples are obtained from sows, boars and stags at concentration points or at time of slaughter. Negative animals are credited to herd of origin. Reactors are traced to herd of origin which is placed under quarantine and offered a choice of plans outlined in Section IV, of these regulations.

8. M.S.I. – Market Swine Identification – The identification of slaughter swine such as slap tattoo or other method which will enable the consignor or herd of origin to be identified.

9. Validated Brucellosis – Free Herd – All breeding swine six (6) months of age and older in herd, blood tested and found to be negative.

(Adopted January 6, 1982, effective March 1, 1982.)

Source: Miss. Code Ann . §69-15-3.

Initial Validation and Revalidation of Individual Swine Herds

102.01 Swine herds may be validated or revalidated on a negative herd test of all breeding swine six (6) months of age and over provided that any herd with a history of Brucellosis has first qualified for validation by completing one of the plans outlined in Section IV, of these regulations.

(Adopted January 6, 1982, effective March 1, 1982.)

102.02 A swine herd may qualify for revalidation on a negative herd test of all eligible swine conducted within 10 to 14 months of the last validation date or establish that at least 20 percent (20%) of adult breeding swine where blood tested under the market swine testing program during the year, and that at least one-half (1/2) of the MST sampling occurred during the last six (6) months of its validation period.

(Adopted January 6, 1982, effective March 1, 1982.)

102.03 Individual herds must disclose no evidence of infection at time of validation or revalidation.

(Adopted January 6, 1982, effective March 1, 1982.)

Source: Miss. Code Ann . §69-15-3.

Addition of Animals Into Validated Herds

103.01 Feeder swine of lesser status but not under quarantine may be held on validated herd premises without test provided such swine are maintained in isolation, separate and apart from all breeding stock.

(Adopted January 6, 1982, effective March 1, 1982.)

103.02 Swine may be consigned to slaughtering establishment or to an approved livestock market for sale and shipment to slaughtering establishments without test, provided they are transported directly to holding pens at the slaughtering establishment. Such swine may not be diverted enroute for any other purpose.

(Adopted January 6, 1982, effective March 1, 1982.)

103.03 No test requirements on breeding swine originating from Validated Brucellosis Free Herds. Such swine must be moved directly, must not have been in contact with swine of lesser status, and must be accompanied by a properly issued Official Health Certificate.

(Adopted January 6, 1982, effective March 1, 1982.)

103.04 Breeding swine originating from non validated herds must have a negative test within 30 days prior to date of entry. These animals must be held in isolation and pass an additional negative test 60 to 90 days from date of test for entry before being added to the herd.

(Adopted January 6, 1982, effective March 1, 1982.)

Source: Miss. Code Ann . §69-15-3.

Plans For Eradicating Brucellosis From Infected Herds

104 If infection is disclosed in swine herds, one of the following plans should be selected for eradicating the disease and for subsequent qualifying the herd for Validated Brucellosis Free status, if desired.

1. Plan 1. This Plan is recommended for commercial herds found infected. The following procedures should be carried out:

a. Market the entire herd for slaughter as soon as practicable.

b. Clean and disinfect houses and equipment.

c. Restock premises with animals (from Validated Brucellosis Free Herds) placing them on ground that has been free of swine for at least 60 days.

d. After two consecutive negative tests not less than 60 nor more than 90 days apart, the herd is eligible for Validated Brucellosis Free Herd status.

2. Plan 2. This Plan is recommended for use in infected purebred herds only where it is desired to retain valuable blood lines. The following procedures should be carried out:

a. Separate pigs from sows at 42 days of age or younger and isolate.

b. Market infected herd for slaughter as soon as practicable. Infected sows should not be rebred and should be slaughtered as soon as possible. Complete isolation of infected animals is essential. The separated weanling pigs from the nucleus for establishment of the infection-free herd.

c. Test the gilts to be used for the following breeding season about 30 days before breeding. Save only the gilts that are negative. Breed only to negative boars.

d. Retest the gilts after farrowing and before removing them from individual farrowing pens. Should reactors be found, they should be segregated from the remainder of the herd and slaughtered as soon as possible. Select only pigs from negative sows for breeding gilts.

3. Plan 3. This Plan is not recommended in general, but it has been found useful in herds where only a few reactors are found and where no clinical symptoms of Brucellosis have been noted. Carry out the following procedures:

a. Market reactor for slaughter.

b. Retest herd at 30 day intervals removing reactors for slaughter until the entire herd is negative.

c. If the herd is not readily freed of infection, abandon this Plan in favor of Plan 1 or Plan 2.

d. Following two consecutive negative tests not less than 90 days apart, the herd is eligible for Validated Brucellosis Free Herd status.

(Adopted January 6, 1982, effective March 1, 1982.)

Source: Miss. Code Ann . §69-15-3.

Procedures For Handling Brucellosis Infected Herds Of Swine

105.01 All swine Brucellosis reactors are to be identified with a red serially numbered reactor tag in the left ear and shipped to slaughter under permit.

(Adopted January 6, 1982, effective March 1, 1982.)

105.02 All swine in the herd or origin of infected animals must be placed under quarantine.

(Adopted January 6, 1982, effective March 1, 1982.)

105.03 All swine (including breeding and feeding animals) must be confined to the quarantined premise until freed of Brucellosis or shipped to slaughter under permit.

(Adopted January 6, 1982, effective March 1, 1982.)

Source: Miss. Code Ann . §69-15-3.

Movement of Brucellosis Infected And Exposed Swine

106.01 Exposed swine may move from a quarantined premise directly to slaughter or through a livestock market to slaughter provided:

1. They are marked with yellow paint.

2. They are accompanied by a permit issued by a state or federal inspector or an accredited veterinarian.

3. When sold through a market, that the movement is limited to one market, i.e., from premise of origin to a livestock market to a slaughter establishment.

(Adopted January 6, 1982, effective March 1, 1982.)

106.02 Movement of Brucellosis reactor Swine.

1. Brucellosis reactor swine must move to only one approved market to be sold for slaughter only; be held in market pens and can only move directly to an approved slaughter establishment.

2. All reactor swine, located on the farm, must be identified within 15 days of test results as required by USDA and be permitted to slaughter using USDA Form 1-27, within 15 days of being identified. All reactors located at approved livestock markets must be identified and permitted directly to slaughter establishments using USDA identification and permit.

(Adopted January 6, 1982, effective March 1, 1982.)

Source: Miss. Code Ann . §69-15-3.

Change Of Ownership And Market Testing

107.01 All breeding swine, moving from non-validated Brucellosis-Free Herds, must be tested at owner's expense within 30 days prior to change of ownership.

(Adopted January 6, 1982, effective March 1, 1982.)

107.02 All breeding swine (sows and boars) moving through livestock markets must be tested for Brucellosis at the first point of assembly by the Market Veterinarian, at the owner's (seller's) expense, or if funds are available at State and/or Federal expense. The accredited veterinarian shall submit the samples, along with records of the animals bled, to the state or Federal inspector on duty at the stockyard. The inspector will centrifuge the blood, pour off the serum and forward the serum to the State/Federal BrucellosisLaboratory in Jackson , Mississippi , where the samples will be tested for brucellosis.

1. Herds of origin traced from a positive brucellosis test will be quarantined.

2. All swine herds quarantined because of Brucellosis will be required to conform to the Uniform Methods and Rules of the United States Department of Agriculture for Brucellosis Eradication in order to be eligible for quarantine release.

(Adopted January 6, 1982, effective March 1, 1982.)

107.03 All swine samples tested at the Brucellosis Laboratory will be submitted to the Mississippi Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory for pseudorabies testing. All swine sera samples received in the Diagnostic laboratory for diagnostic services will be tested for pseudorabies and the sera submitted to the Brucellosis Laboratory for Swine Brucellosis testing when adequate sera is available.

1. All positive pseudorabies (PR) test reports will be sent to Veterinary Medical Officers (VMO) for investigation of herds of Origin.

2. PR infected herds will be quarantined by the VMO.

3. All owners of the infected swine will be required to enter into a clean-up plan under the supervision of the VMO's to eradicate pseudorabies from their herds.

4. VMO's will work with owners of PR infected swine herds to free the herd of the disease by following one of the three basic clean up plans prepared by the Pseudorabies Committee of Livestock Conservation Institute and supported by USDA, APHIS, Veterinary services and published as State-Federal Industry Program Standards.

a. Test and removal of positive animals.

b. Offspring segregation, followed by phased repopulation. This method develops a PR negative herd using the offspring of sero-positive adults.

c. Depopulation with or without repopulation.

5. Vaccination will be used only when approved by the Mississippi

State Veterinarian (the State Veterinarian will base his approval of vaccine use on the recommendation of the designated area epidemiologist).

(Adopted January 6, 1982, effective March 1, 1982.)

107.04 Handling of positive results in the Pseudorabies Herd Monitoring Program, private tests for securing a qualified herd, for show, sale or interstate movement:

1. Herds which have a single low-titer animal will be quarantined. The positive animal will be retested within 30 days. If the retest is negative, the quarantine will be released immediately. Confirmed positive results will result in routine infected herd handling.

2. Infected herds will be quarantined and animals permitted only to slaughter. Release from quarantine will be based upon the following:

a. Entire herd permitted to slaughter and premises cleaned and disinfected under regulatory supervision. Premises may be re-populated 30 days after cleaning and disinfection. If premises are not cleaned and disinfected, premises may not be repopulated. Or

b. Complete negative herd test at least 30 days following removal of test positive animals.

(Adopted January 6, 1982, effective March 1, 1982.)

107.05 The Mississippi pseudorabies Eradication Program Standards will follow the standards published as Pseudorabies Eradication, State-Federal Industry Program Standards by the United States Department of Agriculture In April 1989 (subject to changes in cooperation of the State, Federal Government, and the Swine Industry.

(Adopted January 6, 1982, effective March 1, 1982.)

Source: Miss. Code Ann . §69-15-3.

Persons Authorized To Conduct Official Test

108 Collection of Samples:

1. In the country or point of origin: Only the veterinarians who are approved, and accredited by the United States Department of Agriculture, or their employees, are authorized to collect blood samples for the purpose of conducting tests for Brucellosis. The accredited veterinarian is responsible for all acts of his employees engaged in Brucellosis testing. The Mississippi Board of Animal Health shall not be responsible for any fees for testing.

2. At Livestock Markets: Only veterinarians who are approved, and accredited by the United States Department of Agriculture, or their employees, are authorized to collect blood samples for the purpose of conducting tests for Brucellosis. The accredited veterinarian is responsible for all acts of his employees engaged in Brucellosis testing. The Mississippi Board of Animal Health shall not be responsible for any fees for testing.

3. At Slaughter Plants:

a.Veterinarians, authorized slaughter plant employees or regularly employed representatives of the Mississippi Board of Animal Health or the United States Department of Agriculture are authorized to collect blood samples for the purpose of conducting tests for Brucellosis.

b.the slaughter plant is responsible for mailing blood samples and records to the designated state lab within 24 hours following collection.

4.Conducting Official Test: The following person or facilities are authorized to conduct the B.B.A. card test:

a. Veterinarian approved by the Mississippi Board of Animal Health and the United States Department of Agriculture.

b. Regularly employed and authorized representatives of the Mississippi Board of Animal Health or the United States Department of Agriculture.

c. Other individuals approved by the Mississippi Board of Animal Health and the United States Department of Agriculture.

(Adopted January 6, 1982, effective March 1, 1982.)

Source: Miss. Code Ann . §69-15-3.

Report Of Test Results

109.01 Test Record – Results of all swine Brucellosis tests must be reported to the Mississippi Board of Animal Health within 48 hours.

1. All swine from which blood is drawn for the purpose of conducting Brucellosis test shall be identified by a serially numbered metal eartag or tattoo number or other permanent identification at the time the blood is drawn and such identification shall appear on the test chart opposite the tube numbers to assure positive identification of the individual animals.

2. At slaughter plant each blood sample collected shall be identified to herd or origin on V.S. Form 4-54.

(Adopted January 6, 1982, effective March 1, 1982.)

109.02 Disposition of Test Records

1. The veterinarian conducting the B.B.A. card test shall record test results on a test chart and give owner a copy on completion of test.

2. When blood samples are submitted to a laboratory, the veterinarian shall give the owner a copy of test Chart within 48 hours after receiving results.

3. If reactors are disclosed a statement shall be written on the test chart showing that the required red reactor tagging was accomplished and the completed chart shall then be mailed to the Mississippi Board of Animal Health or United States Department of Agriculture.

(Adopted January 6, 1982, effective March 1, 1982.)

Source: Miss. Code Ann . §69-15-3.

Penalties

110 Any dealer failing to comply with sections 100-109 of this chapter, or interfering with any duly appointed representative of the Mississippi Board of Animal Health or U.S.D.A. in the discharge of this duty, or for having discharged his duties, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be punished as authorized in Miss. Code Ann. Section 69-15- 115.

(Adopted January 6, 1982, effective March 1, 1982.)

Source: Miss. Code Ann . §69-15-3.

Pseudorabies Regulation

111.01 Swine are allowed to be imported into Mississippi only from states where pseudorabies is a quarantinable and reportable disease.

Source: Miss. Code Ann . §69-15-3.

111.02 All breeding swine entering Mississippi from other states shall have:

1. A telephone permit from the State Veterinarian to enter the State, with the permit number to be shown on the official health certificate.

2. A negative SN test (negative at 1:4 dilution) for pseudorabies within 30 days prior to movement and animals individually identified on health certificate.

3. A 30 day quarantine and isolation after arrival in Mississippi , and a negative SN test at the end of that 30 days to be released from quarantine.

4. Breeding animals will not be permitted to enter the state from

a herd presently infected with pseudorabies.

5. Exemptions: Exhibition swine from out-of-state must meet only requirements of paragraphs 2 and 4 of this subsection. Swine purchased at exhibition within Mississippi must meet requirement of paragraph 3 of this subsection.

111.03 Feeder pigs moving on shipment into Mississippi must be ear tagged and identified to the farm of origin, and be quarantined for 30 days to farm of purchaser.

111.04 Market hogs coming into Mississippi must move directly to an approved slaughter establishment for immediate slaughter; or to an approved livestock market, or approved assembly point, and from there directly to an approved slaughter establishment for immediate slaughter.

111.05 No swine shall be allowed to enter the state from a herd known to be infected with or exposed to pseudorabies.

111.06 That the vaccine can be used only in endemic areas and in infected herds, or herds which have a high probability of being exposed. That this vaccine be used under the supervision and permission of the state veterinarian.

111.07 That any swine herd where a confirmed case of pseudorabies is diagnosed be quarantined from movement of any hogs except to slaughter. That this herd have 2 negative SN tests not less than 60 days and not more than 180 days apart before removed from quarantine.

111.08 Out-of-state breeding swine moving through livestock markets approved to handle all classes of swine and not meeting requirements of paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection 111.02 above shall be specifically identified and restricted for slaughter.

Source: Miss. Code Ann . §69-15-3.

Movement of Swine

112.01 In accordance with provision of the State Laws governing the Mississippi Board of Animal Health, and particularly Sections 4837 and 4837, Mississippi Code of 1942, as last amended by Chapter 166, Laws of 1962, and House Bill No. 552 of the 1968 Mississippi Legislature, the following rules and regulations are approved and adopted by the Mississippi Board of Animal Health for the purpose of controlling, eradicating, and preventing diseases of swine

112.02 All livestock markets or feeder pig markets handling all classes of swine must be Federal- State or State only approved.

1. Federal-State approved yards.

a. Markets handling feeder and breeder swine must meet market standards of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Title 9, CFR, Part 76.18.

b. Each feeder or breeder swine must be identified by ear tag or tattoo

to herd owner of origin on arrival at markets. Records must be kept by markets to identify pigs to herd of origin, and/or seller for period of one year. Feeder or breeder swine will be permitted to move to another market, but must be retagged and re-identified to the new owner; the old identification tags shall not be removed.

c. Permit no swine to remain in market over 72 hours.

d. Maintain, for one year after the transaction involved, a record of the origin and destination of all swine, and also of the identification of all Swine other than slaughter swine, handled through the livestock market and afford Veterinary Services and State Inspectors access to such records at all reasonable time.

2. State Approved Only Markets permitted to handle all classes of swine. (Not federally approved)

a. Provide the State Veterinarian with a schedule of sale days and cooperate with the State Veterinarian in obtaining compliance by livestock shippers with applicable State and Federal regulations.

b. Require all swine received at the livestock market to be given an inspection by a Veterinary Services or State Inspector or an accredited veterinarian, and refuse to sell any swine that show any signs of any infectious, contagious, or communicable disease upon such inspection except as authorized by a Veterinary Services or State Inspector or an accredited veterinarian.

c. Separate from the other swine all swine found upon inspection to be, or suspected of being, affected with any contagious, infectious, or communicable disease and immediately notify a Veterinary Services or State Inspector, or an accredited veterinarian, of the presence of such swine at the livestock market.

d. Each feeder or breeder swine must be identified by ear tag or tattoo to herd owner of origin on arrival at markets. Feeder or Breeder swine will be permitted to move to another market, but must be retagged and re-identified to the new owner; the old tags shall not be removed. Records must be kept by markets to identify pigs to herd or origin and/or seller for period of one year.

e. Provide well-constructed and well-lighted pens, alleys, and sales rings for holding, inspecting and otherwise handling swine, and keep all swine handling facilities clean and in good repair.

f. State approved only yards permitted to handle all classes of swine may not receive swine from any state other than Mississippi .

g. Permit no swine to remain in market for more than hours.

h. Maintain, for one year after the transaction involved, a record of the origin and destination of all swine, and also of the identification of all swine other than slaughter swine, handled through the livestock market and afford Veterinary Services and State Inspectors access to such records at all reasonable times.

i. Feeding and breeding swine may not move interstate from this class market.

j. Slaughter swine may be moved to a recognized slaughtering establishment for immediate slaughter or to an approved assembly point.

112.03 Buying Stations or Assembly Points Approved to Handle All Classes of Swine.

1. Buying Station or Assembly Point must meet all requirements as specified in subsection 112.02(1) for livestock market or Feeder pig Markets.

2. May purchase from Federal-State or State approved Livestock Market or Feeder pig Sale, and assemble at approved Buying Station or Assembly Point provided records are kept indicating animals bought, showing identification numbers, where purchased and to whom sold.

3. Must move all feeding and breeding swine to a farm within the State from Buying Station or Assembly Point for feeding or breeding within 72 hours from arrival.

4. Slaughter swine must be kept separate from feeding and breeding swine and move directly to slaughter within 72 hours from arrival.

112.04 Requirements for Movement of Slaughter Swine:

1. Slaughter swine may move directly to a slaughter establishment without restrictions.

2. Slaughter swine may move to an approved livestock market for sales:

a. directly to recognized slaughter establishment, or

b. may move to an approved slaughter assembly point and then directly to slaughter within 72 hours.

3. Permit no swine to remain in livestock market for more than 72 hours.

112.05 All Classes of swine may, in case where there is no sale or a Pass Out (P. O.) by owner, be returned to farm of origin. Source:

112.06 In event of an outbreak of any highly contagious or infectious disease, the State Veterinarian and the Commissioner of Agriculture and Commerce may institute emergency regulations to suppress the outbreak.

112.07 Importation of Swine into Mississippi :

1. Swine of slaughter weight, not known to be infected or exposed to any infectious and communicable disease and apparently healthy may enter Mississippi if consigned directly to a Federal-State approved market or a recognized slaughtering establishment. Such swine shall not be diverted for any other purpose.

2. Feeder pigs coming to a Federal-State approved Feeder Pig Market within the State of Mississippi from another state must meet all requirements set forth in section 111 of this chapter for the prevention and control of Pseudorabies within the State.

3. Feeder pigs moving directly to a farm within the State of Mississippi must be individually identified, accompanied by an official interstate health certificate, and meet the requirements for the pseudorabies control as outlined in the section 111 of this chapter for the prevention and control of pseudorabies with in the state.

4. Feeder pigs coming to Mississippi from an approved feeder market in another state must be individually identified and accompanied by an official interstate health certificate, and meet the requirements for the pseudorabies control as outlined in the section 111 of this chapter for the prevention and control of pseudorabies within the state.

5. No swine from other states may enter Mississippi for feeding and breeding purposes without a prior permit from the State Veterinarian of Mississippi and must be accompanied by an official interstate health certificate. The State Veterinarian shall determine if all steps have been taken to assure all such swine are free from infectious and communicable diseases before issuing such a permit.

6. Further provisions are as follows:

a. All swine in the shipment must be individually identified.

b. The movement permit number shall be on all copies of health certificate.

c. All swine in the shipment shall be held in isolation from all other Swine at the farm of destination and be under quarantine for a period of not less than 30 days.

d. All swine in the herd of origin shall be certified, apparently healthy and free of all infectious and contagious diseases, by an accredited veterinarian.

 

112.08 Any person, firm, corporation, market or livestock dealer violating any of the provisions of this act shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction shall be fined not less than twenty-five ($25.00) dollars nor more than five hundred ($500.00) dollars.

(Section 112 supersedes other previous regulations pertaining to the control, eradication, and the prevention of diseases of swine and shall take effect and be in force from and after July 17, 1978. Amended July 20, 1988 to require 1 st Point Testing and change of ownership. Amended July 12, 1989 to require breeding swine moving through Livestock Markets to be tested and the handling of pseudorabies positive swine located in herds.)

Source: Miss. Code Ann . §69-15-3.